Glimpse of life in the Irish Defence Force is revealed in photographs

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Previously-unseen photographs from a soldier in the then newly-formed Irish Army in the Nineteen Twenties are set to go up for public sale.

The images present Irish authorities forces throughout the civil struggle that adopted the Irish War of Independence.

The assortment features a chilling picture exhibiting the execution of an unknown man believed to be an IRA fighter in Cork in 1922 by Irish authorities forces.

The caption merely states: ‘Firing squad – execution of a prisoner, Cork 1922.’

During the Irish Civil War the authorities forces of the Irish Free State and the IRA each used executions in a bitter wrestle for energy following the Irish War of Independence. 

The assortment of 200 photographs belonged to Private Dermot Foley of the Irish Defence Force. After passing down a number of generations of his household, the archive is now being offered at public sale with a information value of £800 to £1,200.

Previously-unseen photographs from a soldier documenting the Irish hostilities of the 1920s have come to light a century later in a fascinating album which includes a chilling image of a man - thought to be an IRA prisoner - standing in front of an firing squad (above). The caption on the execution image simply states: 'Firing squad - execution of a prisoner, Cork 1922'

Previously-unseen photographs from a soldier documenting the Irish hostilities of the Nineteen Twenties have come to gentle a century later in an enchanting album which features a chilling picture of a person – considered an IRA prisoner – standing in entrance of an firing squad (above). The caption on the execution picture merely states: ‘Firing squad – execution of a prisoner, Cork 1922’

The collection of 200 images belonged to Private Dermot Foley of the Irish Defence Force. The photos show Irish government forces during the civil war of 1922-1923 that followed the Irish War of Independence. One image shows a man with a bayonet pointed at him (above)

The assortment of 200 photographs belonged to Private Dermot Foley of the Irish Defence Force. The images present Irish authorities forces throughout the civil struggle of 1922-1923 that adopted the Irish War of Independence. One picture exhibits a person with a bayonet pointed at him (above)

This image of soldiers standing while others watch from a doorway is one of 200 pictures in the archive, mostly taken in 1921 and 1922

This picture of troopers standing whereas others watch from a doorway is one of 200 photos in the archive, largely taken in 1921 and 1922

The Irish War of Independence was a guerrilla struggle fought in Ireland from 1919 to 1921 between the IRA and British forces. 

A ceasefire was agreed in July 1921 and an Anglo-Irish treaty signed that December, resulting in the creation of the Irish Free State authorities.

This ended British rule in most of Ireland however disagreement amongst Republicans over the treaty triggered the Irish Civil War of 1922 to 1923.

The battle was waged between the pro-treaty Provisional Government and the IRA, who had been against the settlement as a result of they believed it to be a betrayal of the Republic which was declared throughout the 1916 Easter Rising.

The civil struggle got here to an finish in May 1923, with Free State forces declaring victory. Their trigger had been boosted by the provision of giant numbers of weapons from the British Government. 

The alarming sight of a boy in uniform holding a gun next to an adult combatant features among the photos in the collection

The alarming sight of a boy in uniform holding a gun subsequent to an grownup combatant options amongst the images in the assortment

A soldier stands besides a Slievenamon armoured car in a picture stamped April 18, 1924, by T.J. O'Brien of Cork

A soldier stands apart from a Slievenamon armoured automotive in an image stamped April 18, 1924, by T.J. O’Brien of Cork

Soldiers pose for a photograph at Youghal barracks, located in the east of County Cork, with this picture dated March 15, 1924

Soldiers pose for {a photograph} at Youghal barracks, situated in the east of County Cork, with this image dated March 15, 1924

Independence and civil struggle: Bloodshed in Ireland in the Nineteen Twenties 

The Irish War of Independence was a guerrilla struggle fought in Ireland from 1919 to 1921 between the IRA and British forces. 

A ceasefire was agreed in July 1921 and an Anglo-Irish treaty signed that December, resulting in the creation of the Irish Free State authorities.

Under the Anglo-Irish Treaty the six northeastern counties, generally known as Northern Ireland, remained inside the United Kingdom, creating the partition of Ireland.

However, disagreement amongst Republicans over the treaty triggered the Irish Civil War of 1922 to 1923.

The battle was waged between the pro-treaty Provisional Government and the IRA, who had been against the settlement as a result of they believed it to be a betrayal of the Republic which was declared throughout the 1916 Easter Rising.

The civil struggle got here to an finish in May 1923, with Free State forces declaring victory. Their trigger had been boosted by the provision of giant numbers of weapons from the British Government. 

The battle is believed to have killed between 800 and 900 members of the pro-treaty Irish National Army and a minimum of 400 IRA fighters. An additional 12,000 members of the IRA had been taken prisoner.  

The battle is believed to have killed between 800 and 900 members of the pro-treaty Irish National Army and a minimum of 400 IRA fighters. An additional 12,000 members of the IRA had been taken prisoner.

Private Foley joined up aged 17 to combat the British and his data say he was ‘trustworthy, sober, industrious and of excellent character’. After leaving the military in 1927, he emigrated to the US on White Star Line’s RMS Baltic.

He settled in Chicago working for the Bell Telephone Company, and his archive additionally incorporates postcards of Irish revolutionary soldier and politician Michael Collins, a number one determine in the Irish independence wrestle.

After passing down a number of generations of his household, it is now being offered by auctioneers Bonhams with a information value of £800 to £1,200 at public sale in London’s Knightsbridge tomorrow.

Other photos embody the alarming sight of a boy in uniform holding a gun subsequent to an grownup combatant, a soldier standing beside a Slievenamon armoured automotive and troopers at Youghal barracks in County Cork. 

Matthew Haley, books specialist at Bonhams, mentioned: ‘We consider many of the images are beforehand unseen and so they doc an enchanting interval of historical past.

‘Private Foley fought towards the British and he had photographic postcards of Michael Collins who he should of idolised, in addition to different figures combating for freedom.’

The Bonhams description refers to the album as containing ‘roughly 200 personal photographs, photograph postcards, pictorial playing cards, and diverse ephemera, compiled by, and regarding Private Dermot Foley’.

It additionally mentioned it was a ‘good album of personal photographs and actual photograph postcards regarding the service of Private Dermot Foley, who joined the Army Signal Corps of the Irish Defence Force aged 17, in January 1923.’

Bonhams mentioned that about 25 photographs are ‘industrial pictorial postcards’, with a number of of these regarding Michael Collins, with the majority of these scenes at the Catholic Emancipation Centenary celebrations. 

This undated photograph has the caption 'The Fighting Fifth' and shows six men in military outfits taking a break from work

This undated {photograph} has the caption ‘The Fighting Fifth’ and exhibits six males in navy outfits taking a break from work 

A soldier poses by his bed in one of a series a photographs soldier documenting the Irish hostilities of the 1920s

A soldier poses by his mattress in one of a sequence a photographs soldier documenting the Irish hostilities of the Nineteen Twenties

Five soldiers pose proudly in their uniforms for a photo, with three of the men holding their rifles on their shoulders

Five troopers pose proudly in their uniforms for a photograph, with three of the males holding their rifles on their shoulders

Soldiers on horseback pose for the camera as a dog walks by in one of a series of fascinating photographs from the 1920s

Soldiers on horseback pose for the digicam as a canine walks by in one of a sequence of fascinating photographs from the Nineteen Twenties

Soldiers on parade in a picture featuring among never-before-seen photos documenting the Irish hostilities of the 1920s

Soldiers on parade in an image that includes amongst never-before-seen images documenting the Irish hostilities of the Nineteen Twenties

Portraits of soldiers named M Kelly and P Howard, along with the acronym ASC, which stands for Army Service Corps

Portraits of troopers named M Kelly and P Howard, together with the acronym ASC, which stands for Army Service Corps

Amongst the printed and manuscript materials is Private Foley’s certificates of discharge from Collins Barracks on 15 March 1927, noting that his character was ‘excellent’. 

Two typed letters signed by the chaplain and Major Adjutant of the Southern Command suggest Private Foley as ‘trustworthy, sober, and industrious’ and ‘by no means in almshouse or jail’ to the American Consul in Dublin. 

The set additionally options ten photographs of RMS Baltic exhibiting the boat, teams of passengers on deck and a final view of ‘Co. Dublin, seventeenth March 1927’, as seen from the deck. There are additionally 26 photographs of his life in Chicago.