Lithuania pulls diplomats from China as row deepens over Taiwan ties

Lithuania has pulled its remaining diplomats out of China over issues for his or her security, in a pointy escalation of bilateral tensions as Beijing retaliates towards the Baltic nation’s efforts to strengthen ties with Taiwan.

Audra Ciapiene, Lithuania’s chargé d’affaires advert interim in China, the nation’s most senior diplomat in Beijing after the ambassador’s recall in September, returned to Vilnius on Wednesday for consultations. The embassy will briefly function remotely, the overseas ministry in Vilnius informed the Financial Times.

According to a few individuals acquainted with the scenario, the Chinese authorities had demanded Lithuania’s remaining diplomats in Beijing hand of their diplomatic IDs to the overseas ministry to have their diplomatic standing lowered. The transfer raised concern in Vilnius that the officers may lose diplomatic immunity, placing their security be in danger in the event that they remained in China.

The fallout threatens to lift a dilemma for the EU over the way to help one among its member states with out risking penalties for others in Beijing’s response. It will most likely additionally spark worldwide discussions over how democracies can reply to Chinese coercion.


“China is sending the message to other European countries that the punishment will be draconian if you follow Lithuania’s example, so people would like to deal with this cautiously,” mentioned a western diplomat in Beijing. “But at the same time, we must make clear that steps against one member country are steps against the EU.”

The diplomats’ evacuation adopted a string of Chinese threats and retaliation measures in response to Lithuania’s resolution in July to permit Taiwan to open a consultant workplace in Vilnius beneath its personal title.

In August, Beijing recalled its ambassador to Vilnius. It additionally demanded that Lithuania “immediately rectify its wrong decision, take concrete measures to undo the damage, and not move further down the wrong path”.

After the Taiwanese consultant workplace in Vilnius opened final month in the past, Beijing imposed financial sanctions on Lithuania. This month, it blocked all Lithuanian exports to China by eradicating the nation from the customs administration’s nation checklist, successfully making it unattainable for corporations to file customs declarations.


Lithuania was restored to the nation checklist after a number of days, however nationwide and EU officers mentioned Lithuanian exports to China remained blocked as any try at processing shipments returned an error and customs officers refused to help in resolving the problem.

Chinese corporations have cancelled orders of Lithuanian merchandise and from Lithuanian suppliers, the EU delegation in Beijing mentioned.

The European Commission mentioned it was searching for an evidence from Beijing, and that the actions may break World Trade Organization guidelines. EU commerce commissioner Valdis Dombrovskis met Lithuanian overseas minister Gabrielius Landsbergis this week.

Lithuania is anticipated to lift the problem at a summit of EU leaders on Thursday, however the dialogue is prone to be temporary, EU diplomats mentioned.


The falling out with Lithuania comes as the EU reconsiders its relationship with China, partly as the bloc makes an attempt to reply to Washington’s coverage in direction of Beijing.

A deliberate funding settlement between the bloc and Beijing was derailed this 12 months after China blacklisted EU lawmakers and officers in response to sanctions the bloc imposed over human rights violations.

Last week, Brussels proposed an “anti-coercion instrument” that will permit it to retaliate towards financial punitive measures. Other central and japanese European nations, as soon as wooed by Beijing by way of a particular 17+1 grouping, have cooled on China, whereas public opinion in lots of EU member states has turned towards the nation.

A bus with a number of Lithuanian diplomats left Beijing for the airport on Wednesday morning, an individual acquainted with the scenario mentioned. Diplomats mentioned on Wednesday morning that they have been on a aircraft certain for Paris.

Lithuania’s overseas ministry mentioned in a press release that it was in dialogue with Beijing about “technical aspects” of its embassy in China and China’s in Vilnius. The ministry added: “Lithuania is ready to continue the dialogue with China and restore the functions of the embassy to their full extent once a mutually beneficial agreement has been reached.”

Phone calls to the Lithuanian embassy in Beijing on Wednesday weren’t answered.

The EU delegation in Beijing mentioned it couldn’t remark. The Chinese overseas ministry didn’t instantly reply to a request for remark.

Asked in regards to the problem, a senior US official mentioned Washington would proceed to “respect and support Lithuania’s sovereign decision to define the contours of its One China policy, free from outside coercion”.

“Lithuania is a valued Nato ally and partner for the US and we reaffirm our support for Lithuania,” the official added. “We will continue to expand and deepen our already robust bilateral relationship with Lithuania.”

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